Monaco-Monte Carlo – Eze Village

1 to 4 people – 3h30

Visit this medieval perched village and the perfume factory “Fragonoed”. Like the rest of the Alpes-Maritimes, the territory of the commune of Eze has been occupied since ancient times.

The most remarkable monument is the Mont-Bastide which overlooks Beaulieu-sur-Mer and the bay of Saint-Jean, on a rocky outcrop bordering the large cornice. The local tradition, founded on the lucubrations of the scholars of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, made it a Phoenician foundation, a Mycenaean palace, or a Ligurian oppidum dating back to the early Iron Age.

Monaco and Monte Carlo

Visit the Royal Palace, the Old Town, the Cathedral and the famous Casino “Monte Carlo”

History begins in 1162 when the Emperor of the West, Frederic Barbarossa, granted maritic dominion of the region to the Republic of Genoa. In 1215 the Ghibellines (supporter of the Emperor) built a Castle on the site of the present-day Palace. On 8 January 1297 the Guelph Francois Grimaldi (loyal to the Pope) disguised as a monk, secretly got in to the place. This is commemorated on the Grimaldi coat-of-arms and that date started the Principality of Monaco which has been ruled by the House of Grimaldi since 1297 except when under French control from 1789 to 1814.

It was in 1612 that Honore II, Lord of Monaco, took the title of Prince. Designated as a protectorate of Sardinia from 1815 until 1860 by the Treaty of Vienna Monaco’s sovereignty was recognized by the Franco-Montegasque Treaty of 1861. The Prince of Monaco was an absolute ruler until a constitution was promulgated in 1911. In July 1918 a treaty was signed providing for limited French protection over Monaco. The treaty written in to the treaty of Versailles established that Monegasque policy would be aligned with French political military and economic interests. Prince Rainier III acceded to the throne following the death of his grandfather Prince Louis II in 1949. His son, Prince Albert II was born in 1958 and acceded to the throne following the death of Rainier III, in 2005. A new constitution proclaimed in 1962 abolished capital punishment provided for female suffrage and established a Supreme Court to guarantee fundamental liberties. In 1993 Monaco became an official member of the United Nations with full voting rights. It is one of the world’s smallest independant countries.